During the last two centuries the interrelationships involving heat and energy, their effects in thermodynamic fields, the electric effects related to temperature gradients, the crucial role of the friction, as well as the applications in technical issues, have been the scenario of relevant scientific developments in Physics, Chemistry and Technology. Recently new aspects involving that triade have arisen and significant improvements are expected in the strictly scientific field and in the technical applications. A significant European project, having the acronym MAGENTA, involving in particular the Thermoelectricity, has been promoted and includes the participation of Italian scientists, some of them belonging to our Istituto Lombardo. The meeting has the aim at bringing to the attention of the general community the modern aspects of that triade and in the meantime at addressing the scientific status, by gathering distinguished scientists involved in the related fields.